On June 5th, Santa Elena, Manabí and Guyas, Provinces of Ecuador, signed the new terms for the constitution and registration of the “Consortium to Tackle Climate Change in the Coastal Range” (CECCCCO, for its acronym in Spanish). The creation of the Consortium is a milestone for both the national and regional levels of Ecuador in the fight against climate change, as it aims to combine the institutional and citizens’ efforts to face the challenges climate change is presenting in the Coastal Range. The objective of the Consortium is to implement existing and future policies, strategies, plans, programs, projects and actions to face climate change in the three provinces where the Coastal Range is located.
The influence area of the Consortium, Chongon Colonche mountain range, is located at 120 km northwest from Guayaquil and it encompasses more than six thousand hectares and 13 cantons: Manta, Jipijapa, Montecristi, Jaramijó, Paján, Puerto López, Santa Elena, Guayas, Pedro Carbo, Isidro Ayora, Nobol and Playas, along with 25 legally constituted communes. A large part of the population living in these territories with delicate water cycle balance, and sensitive to climatic variations, depends on the ecosystem services it provides.
The Consortium derives from the project “Facing Climate Change in the Coastal Range”, an initiative led by the El Niño Phenomenon Research Center (CIFFEN in Spanish) with the support of the European Union, executed between 2011 and 2014. In the framework of the project a socioeconomic vulnerability study, an analysis of impacts on water resources and the development of a Plan for the Coastal Range were also developed.
The Consortium is a public institution with legal, administrative and financial capacities which groups the decentralized autonomous governments of the aforementioned provinces: Santa Elena, Manabí, and Guayas, for having common interests and territorial competences, both exclusive and shared, in the fields of mitigation and adaptation to climate change.
The specific goals of the Consortium are:
- Strengthen the institutional capacities of the participating governments to successfully address the causes and effects of climate change
- Facilitate the exchange of information, methodologies and experiences on issues related to climate change
- Articulate the initiatives of the Consortium with Ecuador’s National Climate Change Strategy (ENCC in Spanish) and in the territorial plans of the provincial, municipal and parochial levels of government.
To attain these goals, the Consortium proposes:
- Build organizational processes with institutional participation and civil society organizations to address the causes, effects and impacts of climate change in the Coastal Range.
- Formulate and implement, through participatory mechanisms, strategies, actions, programs and projects to face climate change in the hydrographic basins that originate in the Coastal Range.
- Strengthen the adaptation capacity of the natural, socio-economic and cultural systems of the Coastal Range, increasing its resilience and thus, respond in a better way to the possible effects of climate change.
The Agreement was signed in the Province of Santa Elena with the official support of the Ministry of Environment of Ecuador and the presence of the Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock, Secretary of Risks Management, Secretary of Water, Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), among others.
The Provinces of Santa Elena and Manabí are members of nrg4SD’s initiative RegionsAdapt. Santa Elena is part of the Resilience and Disaster Risk Reduction; Forestry, Protected Areas and Biodiversity and Economic Impacts and Opportunities Working Groups of the initiative. They have contributed to the 2017 RegionsAdapt report in which they have reported severe water scarcity as one of the biggest climate change impacts in their territory. If you are interested in knowing more about Santa Elena’s work, we invite you to read the interview with their President, Mr. Patricio Cisneros, here.
On the other hand, Manabí is part of the Water Resources and Management and Resilience and Disaster Risk Reduction Working Groups. They are nrg4SD members since this year and their major focus of work involves environmental local ordinances. They work together with Ecuador’s National Institute of Statistics and Census (INEC in Spanish) to gather data for the next RegionsAdapt report.